Recycle. Reduce. Reuse.
Recycle. Reduce. Reuse.
  • Recycling truck

How is waste treated and disposed off? Waste management simply means the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials to minimize its' consequences on humans and environment.

There are several methods of managing all the various types of waste. Some of these methods cause additional harm to the environment, but not doing anything is not an option.

Let us see below two common ways of managing waste:

  • Incineration method of waste management:

This simply means burning waste. This method is common in countries with limited landfill space. Incineration chambers can be small for domestic use, but ther are large ones for municipal use as well. It is great for treating waste with contamination (like those from hospitals) and hazardous waste from factories, but the method produces too much carbon dioxide. Modern incineration processes are more efficient and release less dioxin than home fireplaces and backyard barbecues. This method is very common in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. This method is effective, but expensive.

  •  Sanitary Landfills as waste disposal:

Generally, this term means a large piece of land away from living places where all the waste from a town is deposited. But there is more to landfills. Proper landfill management involves sorting out all the waste (waste separation), and sending only the waste that cannot be recycled and composted to the site.  Proper landfills, are also lined at the bottom to minimize the leakage of soil pollutants and other toxins from getting into the water table. This method is effective, but expensive and difficult.

In many towns, sorting is not done, and all the waste (paper, food, diapers, glass) is mixed up and deposited. That is a problem because, glass, and plastics take thousands of years to decompose. Additionally, the landfills soon become full, smelly and unsafe for the environment.

Proper waste management is not cheap, but it is something we all have to get involved and discuss it. The effect of not getting involved can be catastrophic to our health and environment. Read about waste source reduction here



Hello Victoria I am interested in waste management. I find the two ways of disposal quite good but it is too sophisticated for my community. I wish to find out if there's a way I can help my community women who largely farmers to be able to manage waste in such a way that it will help in their farming. I am thinking of mature production. I will be very grateful to hear from you


Hi Masalien's!

Thank you for the interest in this post and increased interest in waste management. I am sure there are other alternatives. We must explore more together. Would you be able to create a post where you describe more into detail your idea? This would be a great start to brainstorm together on how we can help your community. (Some hints: Describe the women farmers in your community and what type of farming they are doing. Describe their particular need related to waste management. some pictures would help too).

P.S. Could you please explain what do you mean by mature production?

Happy to keep in touch,


With best wishes, Victoria

WorldPulse Community Champion

Environment Group


Thanks for the Victoria. Waste management is the need of hour especially in the developing world.


With best wishes,

Nusrat Ara 

WorldPulse Community Champion (Environment Group) 

Hello Victoria Sorry I couldn't respond fast. It is manure production not mature production. Women in my community are farmers and can't afford fertilizer for their crops. I was wondering how we could teach them how to use waste for the production of manure for their crops