Outre ses richesses minières, la RDC a beaucoup d'autres avantages à faire valoir. Elle est le premier pays d’Afrique du point de vue de l’étendue de ses forêts (la moitié du territoire national est occupé par de la forêt équatoriale) et le plus important pour la préservation de l’environnement mondial. C’est à partir de 2007, réellement, que le bassin du Congo est de plus en plus le centre de préoccupation du monde entier.
La RDC se classe parmi les 10 pays de la méga biodiversité du monde avec 480 espèces de mammifères, 565 espèces d’oiseaux, 1 000 espèces de poissons, 350 espèces de reptiles, 220 espèces de batraciens et plus de 10 000 angiospermes dont 3 000 seraient endémiques. Elle a une faune naturelle exceptionnelle (on y trouve tous les grands animaux de l’Afrique) et a des espèces rares. Tout ce capital n’a pas été épargné par les divers conflits et leurs effets dévastateurs sur la faune et la flore. Des milliers d’hectares de forêts sont dégradés, entraînant une diminution de la biodiversité. Les aires protégées font l’objet de spoliation, de contrebande et de braconnage; la pression de la chasse et du braconnage a été très forte sur certaines espèces (comme l'hippopotame, chassé pour l'ivoire de ses défenses suite à l'embargo sur l'ivoire d'éléphant) ces dernières années.

Elle dispose d'abondantes ressources en eau, des lacs poissonneux, le lac Tanganyika le plus poissonneux du monde Et les richesses naturelles comme le pétrole, le gaz sont également présentes.
La RDC, bénie par la nature, est aussi une terre de tourisme ; peu d’endroits au monde égalent la beauté des territoires du nord-est de ce pays. La moitié du pays est constitué de la savane, un des habitats les plus variés de toute l’Afrique.
Avec 80 millions d’hectares de terres cultivables, le Congo pourrait nourrir près d’un tiers de la population mondiale. Cependant, l'agriculture reste le principal secteur de l'économie, représentant 57,9 % du PIB en 1997. Les principales productions exportées sont le café, l'huile de palme, le caoutchouc, le coton, le sucre, le thé, et le cacao tandis les cultures vivrières concernent essentiellement le manioc, la banane plantain, le maïs, l'arachide, et le riz. En 1996, l'agriculture occupait 66 % de la population active.
L’élevage, dont les capacités potentielles varient entre 30 et 40 millions de bovins avec une charge bétail de 1/6 à 1/12 pendant toute l'année, n'est pas encore la priorité du gouvernement. Les techniques d'élevage restent cependant rudimentaires chez les éleveurs traditionnels et les soins vétérinaires sont peu pratiqués.

Les effectifs du cheptel bovin ont été estimés au niveau national à environ 11 277 130 têtes. Ils sont en constante baisse depuis 1990, avec une chute de 11 % en 1993 et 18 % en 1995.
Le secteur industriel n'a contribué pour 5,6 % au PIB en 2003. Autrefois important, il est actuellement composé de quelques petites usines dans le textile, l’agroalimentaire, la chimie et le secteur des biens d’équipement. Toutes les branches de production ont souffert de la crise qui frappa le pays. Les industries manufacturières ont été coupées de leurs sources d’approvisionnement en matières premières et de leurs débouchés en produits finis; elles n’utiliseraient qu’entre 15 et 17 % des capacités productives installées.

English translation by community member heidigjr

Apart from its mineral wealth, the RDC has plenty of other worthy assets. The expanse of its forest makes it the first African country (The Congo Rainforest occupies half of the national territory) and is of utmost importance for the preservation of the global environment. Indeed, its only been since 2007 that the Congo basin become a center of concern around the world.
The DRC is among the top 10 countries of mega-biodiversity, with 480 species of mammals, 565 species of birds, 1,000 species of fish, 350 species of reptiles, 220 species of amphibians and more than 10,000 angiosperms, of which 3,000 will become endemic. She has exceptional natural fauna (one can find all the great animals of Africa) as well as rare species. All this capital has not been spared by the various conflicts and its devastating effects on the flora and fauna. Thousands of hectares of the forests are destroyed, resulting in a loss of biodiversity. Protected areas are subjected to theft, smuggling and poaching. Hunting and poaching has had a very strong effect on some species (such as the hippopotamus, which is hunted for its ivory, following the ban on elephant ivory) in recent years.

She has abundant water resources, lakes full of fish - Lake Tanganyika, with the most fish in the world, and natural resources, such as oil and gas, are also present. The DRC, blessed by nature, is also a land of tourism; few places in the world match the beauty of the country's northeastern territories. Savannah, one of the most diverse habitats of all of Africa, makes up half of the country.
With 80 million hectares of arable land, the Congo could feed nearly a third of the world's population. Nevertheless, agriculture remains the economy's main sector, accounting for 57.9% of the GDP in 1997. The main exports are coffee, palm oil, rubber, cotton, sugar, tea, and cocoa whereas food crops mainly consist of cassava, plantains, corn, peanuts, and rice. In 1996, 66% of the population worked in the agricultural field.
Livestock farming, which potential ranges from 30 to 40 million bovine with a cattle load of 1/6 to 1/12 per year, is still not a priority for the government. Rearing techniques remain rudimentary in traditional livestock farming and veterinary care is rarely practiced.

Cattle numbers at the national level were estimated at approximately 11,277,130. They have been in constant decline since 1990, with a fall of 11% in 1993 and 18% in 1995.
The industrial sector contributed 5.6% of the GDP in 2003. Once important, it now consists of a few small textile, food-processing, chemistry, and consumer goods factories. All industries have suffered from the crisis that have struck this country. Manufacturing industries were cut off from their supply of raw materials and the finished products that they lead to; they would only use between 15 - 17% of their installed productive capacity.

Topic Environment

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J'ai découvert la beauté du Congo vers les photos de ce blog: http://worldpulse.com/node/76381 Ce blog et votre, ils me rappellent que malgré ce que nous avons entendu dans le média, le RDC est un pays avec beaucoup de beauté naturelle et beaucoup d'espèces uniques au pays.

Vous avez dit l'élevage - je sais que l'extraction minière est une partie importante de l'économie du Congo ; mais, l'agriculture et l'élevage - est-ce que des modes de vie commun en RDC??

Apart from its mineral wealth, the RDC has plenty of other worthy assets. The expanse of its forest makes it the first African country (The Congo Rainforest occupies half of the national territory) and is of utmost importance for the preservation of the global environment. Indeed, its only been since 2007 that the Congo basin become a center of concern around the world. The DRC is among the top 10 countries of mega-biodiversity, with 480 species of mammals, 565 species of birds, 1,000 species of fish, 350 species of reptiles, 220 species of amphibians and more than 10,000 angiosperms, of which 3,000 will become endemic. She has exceptional natural fauna (one can find all the great animals of Africa) as well as rare species. All this capital has not been spared by the various conflicts and its devastating effects on the flora and fauna. Thousands of hectares of the forests are destroyed, resulting in a loss of biodiversity. Protected areas are subjected to theft, smuggling and poaching. Hunting and poaching has had a very strong effect on some species (such as the hippopotamus, which is hunted for its ivory, following the ban on elephant ivory) in recent years.

She has abundant water resources, lakes full of fish - Lake Tanganyika, with the most fish in the world, and natural resources, such as oil and gas, are also present. The DRC, blessed by nature, is also a land of tourism; few places in the world match the beauty of the country's northeastern territories. Savannah, one of the most diverse habitats of all of Africa, makes up half of the country. With 80 million hectares of arable land, the Congo could feed nearly a third of the world's population. Nevertheless, agriculture remains the economy's main sector, accounting for 57.9% of the GDP in 1997. The main exports are coffee, palm oil, rubber, cotton, sugar, tea, and cocoa whereas food crops mainly consist of cassava, plantains, corn, peanuts, and rice. In 1996, 66% of the population worked in the agricultural field. Livestock farming, which potential ranges from 30 to 40 million bovine with a cattle load of 1/6 to 1/12 per year, is still not a priority for the government. Rearing techniques remain rudimentary in traditional livestock farming and veterinary care is rarely practiced.

Cattle numbers at the national level were estimated at approximately 11,277,130. They have been in constant decline since 1990, with a fall of 11% in 1993 and 18% in 1995. The industrial sector contributed 5.6% of the GDP in 2003. Once important, it now consists of a few small textile, food-processing, chemistry, and consumer goods factories. All industries have suffered from the crisis that have struck this country. Manufacturing industries were cut off from their supply of raw materials and the finished products that they lead to; they would only use between 15 - 17% of their installed productive capacity.