US: Refusing the Tradition of Gender Disparity

By Zainab Khan

Through my work as a global women’s rights activist, countless American women have shared their stories of abuse, violence, discrimination, and misfortune. 

  • 27-year-old Ahlam struggles to provide a life for her 6-year-old daughter, as she works 12-hour night shifts cleaning hotel rooms while trying to complete basic literacy courses. Her husband and sister were killed in Iraq four years ago. Her largest challenge is to find a decent, respectable man that could be a father to her child.

  • 19-year-old Maleha spends her days cooking and cleaning for her family. The only sister of four brothers, she is also the youngest in her family. The responsibility of looking after her brothers and father is divided between Maleha and her mother. Maleha’s father did not think it was priority to send her to college because she will soon be married, as her role is always to remain within the home.

  • 34-year-old Saima takes her 4-year-old son, Murtaza, to her job as a full-time housekeeper every morning at 7 am. Having suffered severe beatings while pregnant, Murtaza was born with severe brain injuries. His speech and motor skills are severely impaired, and he experiences rapid emotional outbreaks several times throughout the day. Saima’s employers are sympathetic and knowing of her situation, so this accommodation is a blessing that she hopes to sustain as long as possible.

  •  41-year-old Leila underwent Female Genital Mutilation at the age of 12. Being a survivor, she is a fierce advocate to protect the young girls in her village in Mali from undergoing the same atrocity that has caused her lifelong physical and psychological pain. She is struggling to educate her immediate family members on the effects of FGM, but they are resistant to her efforts.

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All of the women mentioned above are experiencing their struggles and turmoils not in a distant country, but right here, in the United States. Cognitive biases tend to influence the belief that abuse and violence that is perpetuated against women is a foreign problem. Through my work as a global women’s rights activist, countless American women have shared their stories of abuse, violence, discrimination, and misfortune. The cultural and social constraints reinforcing gender disparity had seemingly followed them from their birthplace to their destination in America.

Some of the women mentioned above were born in regions of conflict. A surprising number of women who shared their stories with me have come from privileged backgrounds. An equal ratio of women derive from generations of poverty, having been first generation immigrants to America. Others were born in the United States. The colorful mosaic of demographics that represent these experiences all signify the importance of data that has been collected and analyzed by the Full Participation Report, a data driven report on the unfinished business in closing the gender gap through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the No Ceilings initiative of the Bill, Hillary & Chelsea Clinton Foundation.

The women who have shared experiences of injustice with me have all been unique in their journeys to triumph over adversity. A vast majority of them feel that they live a dual life peppered with American pop culture and silenced oppression. There are so many secrets contained that once the Pandora’s box is opened, an entire beast emerges. Yet, they don’t want to remain victims anymore. They have survived. They want change. And they want their voices heard.

“I thought that when I came to America, there would be more people willing to hear my story and my struggle. But I can’t. I continue to live in shame and fear. I never know how someone will react, that’s why I just stay quiet.” Leila also struggles with being ostracized by her community network. “They think I am too ‘Americanized’ because I reject the traditions they still hold onto from back home. They think I am bad, that my daughters are bad, because we are not like them.”

It isn’t the first time I have heard women claim that life in the US was not what they expected.

For Saima, life has been a continuous unfolding of one devastation after another. Born in severe poverty in Morocco, she was sold into marriage by her father at the age of twelve. She was able to secretly save enough money to come to the United States, where she married a man that also came from Morocco and promised her the American dream. He took away her documents and identification cards. Saima was forced to live in a polygamous marriage for six years, and she endured daily beatings, multiple miscarriages, and run-ins with law enforcement and social service workers who didn’t know how to handle her case. Police intervention ultimately led to separating her and her son completely from the vicious cycle of violence, and Saima was able to start a new blueprint on life after support from a battered women’s shelter.

The extent and duration of Saima's abuse is unacceptable.    

Maleha, perhaps because of her youth, still remains optimistic and hopeful for her future. “I really don’t see why I should spend four years of my life studying, when I will marry someone who will love me and provide me with everything that I need to live comfortably and happily.” Further introspection led me to Maleha’s mother’s story. Having experienced a divorce in her homeland of Pakistan, she had already suffered stigma and shame for dishonoring her family when she left her then abusive husband. She finds herself “fortunate” that she was able to marry again, and does not want her daughter to go through the societal rejection she experienced.

A denial from one generation passed onto the other won’t break the cycle of gender inequality.

As stated in No Ceilings: The Full Participation Report, “social norms, an equally important influence on gender equality, are hard to change.” Also, “Violence against women is chronically under-reported, and information on laws addressing gender-based violence is incomplete as well.”

There is a definite distinction between celebrating tradition and culture, and holding onto values and norms that clearly violate individual rights and personal autonomy.

The hesitancy to address the blurry areas that delicately balance a fine line between infringement versus unacceptable at many times actually reinforces abuse to continue. There are too many stories to share, and not enough space to do so. I have heard firsthand stories of mothers having their daughters sent overseas and forcefully married. I don’t know how to comfort a mother separated from her son because of foreign custodial laws. There is little legislative protection I can offer for a girl who already experienced vacation cutting, FGM that is performed while a child is on school break. I don’t have the authority to challenge individual family structures that void a girl of personal choice and freedom. But I do know that by sharing their stories, I can raise awareness. We must refuse to accept deeply ingrained traditions that continuously perpetuate inequality and injustice.

*Names and exact ages have been changed to protect the privacy of individuals’ personal stories. All stories in this piece were shared with consent.*

About this story

This story was written for the World Pulse and No Ceilings Path to Participation Initiative. With this initiative, we crowdsourced stories from World Pulse's global community to help turn the No Ceilings: The Full Participation Report into a blueprint for action on the ground. Click here to browse through the 126 submissions we received from over 30 countries.

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Comment on this Editorial


Dear Zainab,

In reading your story, I am so thankful that World Pulse exists as a platform - even more so than I usually am! I am thankful that there is a place where you can speak out and know that you're heard, where you can raise awareness of the violence ALL women experience, and remind us all that gender-based violence is not just a foreign problem. My heart goes out to all the women whose stories you have shared, and the countless others whose stories you hear on a daily basis. Thank you for being there to listen and bear witness to their experiences, and for helping be their microphone. I am inspired by the work that you do.

In solidarity,


Dear Zainab,

I'm inspired by how you could collect al those stories and conect them into your test, in order to give voice to foreign women living in the U.S.A. It's important to know about those stories, because a lot of women(and people in general) believe that if they move to more  democratic places they would have more voice and freedom and by your test we can see that those women are still struggling to be heard. Good job on refusing the tradition of gender disparity, by being a 'microphone' to those women.



Tese are collection of few sad pictures but through out the entire world many such innumbarable women and child exploitatios are taking place. But what specific action to stop all these has been advocated by world pulse is not available. If we will only remain hearing only helping  and consoling, then I think  it is equal to depend on god for solution and no more. This is also AN EASY WAY TO DEAL WITH.