GIRL CHILD Anisha Dutta
A Girl Child in India is vulnerable and needs protection on proper care. In
2018, it is reported that every 20 minutes a woman is raped in India. In the same year five
women are raped and eight were molested every day on an average in the National Capital
Delhi, India. Then what could be the scenario in rural areas, where crimes are not reported?
Every day, news of gang rape followed by murder comes up but hardly news of punishment
is flashed. Naturally rate of crime goes on increasing.
Indian Law tries to protect rapist not to punish. Firstly, Police Station tries to avoid FIR. The
victim faces much trouble to register a complaint. Even when the crime is obvious,
mockery in court over arguments continued years after years. The rapists are not supposed
as guilty rather to be proved by the victim, even crime being obvious. In India cases run in
reverse order. Attempts to blame victim and to protect the accused are in regular practice.
Clean crime is to be established by the tortured victim on process through humiliation.
Following steps on occurrence of rape are mandatory:
- No FIR regarding rape can be refused.
2. Lady Police Officer will interact and is bound to register complaint.
3. Immediate arrest of accused to be activated with non-bailable warrant.
4. Accused should have to prove himself not guilty.
5. Medical Test of victim is not at all compulsory. Sexual assault or molestation is also
done without intercourse. Medical examination if needed must be done by lady Doctor
6. If the rape victim be murdered, no need of court cases. Immediate Capital punishment
Another big problem in India runs. If the victim survives and be from lower class is not
accepted by society. She is compelled to stay in SHELTER-HOME, where she is again
vulnerable to face sexual abuse.
Sex ratio in India is 930 females against 1000 Males. But this imbalance in not necessarily
the root cause of rape owing to sex starvation. Report shows mostly sexual abuse on minor
is done by married people. It is shocking simultaneous shameful that 50% of Girl Children
experience molestation by elderly people in the family. Helpless minors can neither protest
nor out speak. How to protect the innocent young ones is a big question till unsolvable
rather a persisting problem of the society.
Previously it was supposed molestation, abuse, rape etc. occur in low class community,
because they are deprived of proper education. Now it is oblivious that the problem arising
not from lack of education. There are thousands of instances where crimes are happening
on educated young girls falling prey of educated young boys. Commonly, girls are made
unconscious or semi-conscious by application of drug without their knowledge. Mostly the
boys got drunk before assaulting. Influence of alcohol make them easier to commit crime.
Photographs of rape, molestation or nude pictures are used threatening blackmail or
defaming innocent girls. Mobile, Face Book, Internet are smooth platforms to access. So,
these activities come from mean mentality to look down upon girls considering them as
cheap toys to enjoy and throw. Formal degree-based education is unable to build moral
character. Where lies the solution?
Now sex education in adolescence is a proposal to protect girl. But basic need is to
educate male child to honor girls. Verbal abuse, obscene comment, improper touch
forceful attempt to seduce or establish physical relation are major offences to be
assimilated and accepted by every boy in his growing period to fix props of morals.
Each boy must be aware that sister, mother, grandmother all are women. Every woman
deserves respect from man. This is the fundamental moral ethics to be followed by male
Next comes Trafficking. According to estimation of International Labour Organization,
trafficking deals with 12 billion Dollars to 32 billion dollars per annum. Prostitution is not the
only aim, but trafficking includes child labour and exploitation of girls for domestic helps on
very meagre wages.
Mainly South Asia and South- East Asia are the sources from where victims are supplied.
The International Trafficking Net Work refers, the number of victims from the above two
regions to be respectively 2.25 lakhs and 1.5 lakhs per year. The number of victims in India
itself reaches nearly one lakh per year. Also, 30% of the victims are below 18 years. Recent
report shows, in one year, women trafficking from W.B. reached 2000. Delhi is a receiver of
such victims numbering to nearby 2,500. In this nasty trade, the gainers are the traffickers
and the receivers are no less as they use the victims for the rest of their lives.
To consider the causes of trafficking in children, poverty is not the only responsible factor.
Loss of traditional sources of livelihood, growing unemployment, modification and
growing consumerism resulting from globalization are also other reasons. The socio-
economic situation and geographical location of the family are also the causes. Girls are
more vulnerable to trafficking for sexual purposes.
The girls who are forced to prostitution are bound to attend 8/9 customers a day and even
sometimes the number may reach 12/14. Among these clients, 2% to 3% are mentally sick
and seek pleasure in sexual torture.
Porous borders of India are not properly fenced. Taking advantage and influence of the
police on either side, trafficking is an easy way out. Political and economic instability makes
the traffickers flourish in Nepal, Bangladesh, and Myanmar and even Uzbekistan.
Every year 20,000 victims are enslaved from Nepal, where 10,000 come to India. More
than 1.2 million children in India are caught up in trafficking each year as girl prostitute.
Hundreds of girls are kidnapped from all over India to be prepared for Commonwealth
Games. These girls are injected with oxytocin to make them more voluptuous for
prostitution. Report of Ruchira Gupta from the organization Apne Aap Women Worldwide
tells that they are taught limited vocabulary of English “Hello”, “Thank you”. “Pls. use
condom “etc. Government starts hundreds of condoms vending machines instead stopping
Most are picked up from Railway stations, Bus stand, Metro Station, Foot paths, Slum
area etc. A fair skin 8-year old girl can fetch $2500 a night and for a dusky skin $2,000.
Besides sexual exploitation, other factors responsible for trafficking are adoption,
entertainment & sports (acrobats in circus, dance-troupes), bear bars, forced marriage,
bonded labor, false marriage, camel jockey, begging, human organ trade, drug peddling,
smuggling. All these are included in Trafficking Net Work.
Family, relatives, friends, community leaders, brokers, pimps, owners of brothels,
Political leaders, Criminal nexus all are involved in Trafficking Racket. False promise of jobs
or fake assurance of marriage lures women. At times, the girls are simply abducted.
Now surrogate mothers are legally accepted in the society. A renting womb can fetch
lots of money. Needy women willing to be surrogate mothers are often trapped by the
Traffickers and end up in prostitution.
Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act refers only for prostitution; it does not include
protection of children. The “sold” girls often get infected with Aids & H.I.V. Such girls, if
rescued by police or N.G.O.s are not accepted by the society. Their ultimate shelter then
becomes Destitute Homes.
Human Trafficking has its roots in inhuman mentality. The outlook of human civilization
must be changed; otherwise human beings will continue to be used as commodities in
trading. Conscience and morality must be roused to end such condemnable activities.
It is a wonder that despite ultra-modern advancement in Science & Technology in
today’s world, human beings can still resort to such barbarian and savagery.
Prevention is best achieved by community policing. Public awareness campaign and
community participation are the two keys. Creating legal awareness is one of the most
important factors of any social programme. Legal awareness empowers people by making
them aware of their fundamental rights and strengthens them to develop zero tolerance
against abuse and exploitation.
Immigration officials at the border must have good communication with Police and Anti-
Trafficking N.G.O.s. Help lines, Help Booths and Co-operating Police Force are very
important to provide prompt help to victims
Government Organizations and N.G. O s from all regions should deal with this
International problem. They should come forward to initiate awareness among the poor
section of the society against trafficking. The next step is to counsel the family of the
rescued victims to come to terms with social acceptance.
. In awareness camps, mainly three points can be focused: 1. Beware of the touts
2. Don’t get seduced by the strangers or partially familiar people.
3. Don’t let children under sixteen get employed as laborers (Child labor is prohibited.)