From the start to the end, it is our choice, our lives and we have rights as women!
There can be many reasons why teens or women might end up having a pregnancy, unplanned. It depends greatly on the resources and education available, as well as the beliefs of anywoman, young or old.
When she falls pregnant, she ought to have access to all available options including abortion options and must decide what she will do.
She might decide to carry the baby the full term and then either keep the baby or put the baby up to be adopted. But she can also decide to go for an abortion prior to twenty weeks.
From 1973 abortion options was made available to all women at any age. However, if she was younger than eighteen and depending what laws were in her state, she may need permission from her parents or guardians. Yet, this may not be required if she was sexually assaulted.
If you are one of those girls, just remember that it is a very complex and emotional decision, terminating a pregnancy, no matter your age. You have the legal right to safely terminate your pregnancy if you decide that is what you want to do.
Different Reasons for an Abortion
When a pregnancy is unplanned
If a pregnancy can be harmful to the health of the mother
The pregnancy might be the result of being raped
In cases where the fetus has a birth defect
What Abortion Options do you have?
After you decide that you want to have the abortion, you will need to decide what option would be right for you. You can discuss it with your doctor and he/she will explain the different options you have.
There are two main options available.
A medical abortion or what is called the pill abortion
The surgical abortion procedure
Information about the Different Procedures
When you decide to terminate your pregnancy, the procedure option to do so will be determined on the stage of your pregnancy.
If you are in your first trimester, you usually can have either. You can have a medical or surgical abortion procedure.
Prior to choosing your abortion option, your doctor would advise you to go for a sonogram. This is done in order to determine the accurate date of your pregnancy to see which option is most viable.
Abortion procedures during your first trimester
Most of the time in your first trimester you can choose between a surgical or medical procedure. Although, the medical procedure is only available up until about 9 weeks into your pregnancy.
The medical procedures available during your first trimester will be as follows:
Methotrexate and Misoprostol or MTX – this medication can only be used within your first 7 weeks of being pregnant. This combination of medication isn’t commonly used when mifepristone is available, which will work for this specific use and is known to be much more effective.
Mifepristone and Misoprostol – this can be used between the first 7 - 9 weeks of your pregnancy. It’s also referred to as Mifeprex, RU-486, and the abortion pill.
MVA or Manual Vacuum Aspiration – this procedure can be done between three to twelve weeks from your last period. It’s considered to be a much less invasive procedure done with local anesthesia used on your cervix.
Aspiration – it is a surgical procedure used to end your pregnancy. This can be done up to about sixteen weeks after you had your last menstruation. Also called a vacuum aspiration, suction curettage, or D&C/dilation and curettage.
Abortion procedures during your second trimester
During your second trimester, medication-base procedures won’t be an option anymore. The following listed procedures can be performed in your second trimester.
D&C/Dilation and Curettage – it’s a surgical procedure that is used in terminating your pregnancy for up to sixteen weeks along. It is also called it vacuum aspiration or suction curettage.
D&E/Dilation and Evacuation – this procedure can only be used for termination of your pregnancy if you are further than sixteen weeks along.
Induction abortion – this is a procedure that is very rarely performed. The doctor injects potassium chloride, salt water or urea, into your amniotic sac, they then insert prostaglandins into your vagina and inject Pitocin intravenously.
Abortion procedures during your third trimester
In the case of a late-term or third-trimester abortion, which is not legal in most states unless there is a specific medical situation needing it to be done. These terms are normally used when your baby can survive on the outside of your womb, which is called a viable pregnancy.
However, the term viable pregnancy is somewhat of a gray area among many of the medical communities. It is established that at twenty-four weeks along, also the last part in your second trimester, seems to be the earliest viability time. Because of this, the available time to do any procedure within your third trimester can be based specifically on your state's laws.
Procedures that they can do within your third trimester can include:
Induction abortion – as described above.
Dilation and Extraction – this surgical procedure is used to end your pregnancy if you are further than twenty-one weeks along. It’s also called Partial Birth Abortion, Intrauterine Cranial Decompression, Intact D & X, and a D & X procedure.
Abortion should not be taken lightly, it is a draining, emotional and scary step for any woman. Talk to your doctor, consider all options and abortion options and then make an informed decision.
How to Get Involved
Know your rights and teach those who don't.