You might have just found out from your dentist that you will need to go for a gum replacement surgery. You shouldn’t panic because it actually sounds worse than what it is. It can be essential to protect teeth from the damaging effects of gum recession. It can also be completed when you choose to improve your smile’s appearance.
This process is when the tissues around your teeth separate from your toothand exposemore of your tooth or the root of your tooth. It also might be causing damage to the supporting bone.
It’s a very common problem, and it can affect between four and twelve percent of adults without them even knowing until it develops into a severe problem. Receding gums is a process that develops gradually.
However, as time goes by it can appear ugly and cause sensitivity, especially if you eat anything hot or cold. Eventually, if this condition is not treated, you can lose your tooth. To prevent any other problems and repair this damage you may need to go for gum tissue grafting.
What causes recession of the gums?
Gum or periodontal disease is the most common reason for therecession of the gums.
Other reasons that can increase the risk of infections initially may include diabetes, hormone changes, genetic makeup, oral hygiene that is inadequate or any other illnesses.
However, if you smoke your risk to suffer from a gum disease will be 4 times higher in comparison to someone that doesn’t smoke.
Improper or aggressive brushing techniques.
A habit of clenching or grinding your teeth.
Sometimes unusual forces that are brought on through teeth that are misaligned.
Also, lip and tongue piercings that can irritate and rub against your gums, will wear the tissues of the gum away.
Gum grafts benefits
It can stop the process of bone loss and recession of the gums.
Reduce sensitivity to cold and hot foods of the tooth.
Protect your teeth’s roots from any root decay.
It will result in giving you a gum line that is even.
Benefit you by speaking and smiling without feeling self-conscious about your teeth’s appearance.
Why is gum replacement surgery performed?
According to dental practices, there can be three reasons why gum replacement surgeries will be performed.
Related problems with root exposure
You won’t be able to brush your root surfaces that are exposed.
When your dentist detects a lot of calculus and plaque on your root.
If it’s the start of decay of the root.
To protect and cover the surfaces of your roots.
If you experience hypersensitivity of your tooth because the surface of your root is exposed, and by covering the surface of your root it can minimize this sensation.
In this case, if you don’t like the appearance of your teeth, it will be done due to aesthetic reasons.
Additionally, in some cases, the procedure can be recommended prior to any certain kind of restoration that needs to be done, like implants and crowns in order to protect your supporting teeth. The coverage amount will depend on the root’s shape, as well as the kind of defect of your soft tissues, which can relate to the type and amount of your underlying loss of bone.
Procedure of gum replacement surgery
There are 3 different kinds of grafts for gum tissues. Your dentist can recommend which one will be right for you. These procedures include these listed below.
Connective tissue grafts
It’s the method that is most common for treating exposed roots. With this procedure, a skin flap will be cut from your mouth’s roof and the tissue under this flap, that’s called subepithelial connective tissues, will be removed and stitched to your gum tissues around the root that are exposed. After this is done, the flap gets stitched back
Free gingival grafts
This is quite similar to the graft of connective tissues and involves using the tissues from your mouth’s roof. Instead of creating a flap to remove tissues from underneath, they will remove some tissues directly from your mouth’s roof, which will be attached to your gum region that’s being treated. This procedure will be mostly used if your gums are very thin to start with and you need extra tissue in order to enlarge your gums.
It’s a procedure where the dentist will graft gum that surrounds your tooth that needs repairs, instead of using tissues from your palate. This flap they make is called a pedicle, and its cut away only partial to leave one of the edges remaining attached. Your gum will be pulled down or over and cover your exposed root, after which it will be sewn into its place. It will only be possible if you have enough tissues of the gum near your damage tooth.
Most patients and dentists prefer using graft materials from their tissue banks instead of using tissue from a patient's mouth roof. They can also use proteins that stimulate tissues and encourage the natural ability of the body to grow tissue and bone. Your dentist can recommend what will be the best procedure for your condition.