Human rights are inherent claims or entitlements that a person has by virtue of being a human being. FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS: Are rights enshrined in the human rights law. Human rights are as old as the human race. Human rights to be universally recognised over the years ,it took generations. They have been progressing through 3 generations; Communists believed that social,economic and cultural rights are the only human rights that should be universally recognised. Capitalists also opposed the communists saying that civil and political rights are the only ones that should be universally recognised.
The first generation of human rights(Blue rights). These involved civil and political rights as they agitate for liberties,participation in the civil and political affairs of the state. These rights also agitate to restrain individuals from the excessive powers of the state(Limited government).
The second generation of human rights (RED rights). These rights agitate for social,economic and cultural rights. They also involves euality as they guarantee different individuals of the state equal treatment, conditions and opportunities. These rights make up the 5 aspects of the 1948 Universal declaration of human rights, that is social,economic, political, cultural and civil rights. Declaration is just a strong expression therefore these rights were not legally binding not untill the UN Bill of rights was signed in different stages. These stages made the declared rights legally binding. THE UN BILL OF RIGHTS. It has 3 legal instruments and it is a framework to enforce the enjoyment of human rights as univerally legally binding. And these include;
1.International covenant on social,economic and cultural rights in 1966. 2.International covenant on civil and political rights 1966.
Third generation of human rights(Green rights). These are the recently signed generation and new sets of rights
George k justice. For socioeconomic transformation.