Covid-19 : A Crisis, a New Normal and Community Organising

Leonida Odongo
Posted August 29, 2020 from Kenya
Talking Walls

Since the first case of Covid-19 was reported in Wuhan-China in 2019, the world has in many ways come to a standstill. Jobs have been lost, families have buried their loved ones, police brutality has spiked up and many are nursing injuries brought about by domestic violence at the hands of their spouses. With Covid, the state has introduced various measures to contain the spread. These include Legal Notice No. 50 on restriction of movement of persons in Kenya, quarantine, distribution and sale of face masks among others. But have these measures met communities at their points of need? .And in what ways are communities better organising themselves to bridge the gap between their needs and measures implemented by the state?

Some people claim Covid is an equaliser because the affluent can no longer travel abroad for medical check-ups and treatment as has been the norm, as most countries [in the west] have closed their borders. However, for poor Kenyans who depend on daily wages, Covid being considered an equaliser is a fallacy because the restrictions on movement, the imposition of curfews and the ever present fear of police brutality during implementation of the curfew have pushed many of them deeper into an already worrying and precarious existence. Reality is that the most impacted by Covid-19 in Kenya are the poor and those living in pockets of poverty.

Covid has fundamentally changed the way Kenyans interact. With the stay at home directive as part of containment of Covid 19, many workplaces, both formal and informal, have been closed over the last three months - some for good. Economically, over 1 million people have lost their jobs[1]. For many people from informal settlements who depend on wage labour as a source of livelihood, the closure of businesses and loss of job opportunities in sectors such as construction (popularly known as mjengo) or doing laundry (mama fua) means that daily cash flow into households are disrupted.

Furthermore, the closure of schools to contain Covid has disrupted learning for 17 million learners since March. In mid-June, Kenyans received reports of shockingly high numbers of school-going girls had been impregnated over this period they have been at home. The education ministry seemed content to point fingers at parents for ‘not taking care of their children’. Covid-19’s impact on education has also brought to the fore the digital divide in access to education. While some students can afford to continue with classes via Zoom and online, many children and students from informal settlements and other pockets of poverty cannot continue learning and will have to wait until normalcy settles to return to school. With these economic and social disruptions, Kenyan households have increasingly become zones of violence, as evidenced by a sharp spike in incidences of domestic violence during this Covid period in comparison to the pre-Covid period. This increase can be attributed to shattered sources of livelihoods and the inability to afford basic necessities such as food and shelter, lack of mechanisms to psychologically cope with the aftermath of the pandemic, poor communication at family level and feelings of interference with personal space by spouses. Many cases have been reported of families sleeping out in the cold for lack of rent for example in Kayole[2] , while recent evictions in Kariobangi[3] left over 5000 families homeless and at an increased risk of infection by the coronavirus and other respiratory diseases because that demolition happened in the middle of the rainy season.

Quite fundamentally, the support being availed by the state in informal settlements and other pockets of poverty has not done much to address the plight of the poor. Over the past few months, the media has been awash with incidences of people getting injured in stampedes during food distribution like in Kibra[4], or through incidents of police brutality like we saw at the ferry in Mombasa. There has also been an increase in arrests of citizens  either for flouting Covid 19 rules  or on some flimsy reasons.Covid 19 has also created an environment for harassment of citizens under the guise of ensuring Covid 19 regulations, there has also been incidences of  enforced disappearances of young people.

It is against this bleak backdrop that communities in informal settlement are organising to survive in the wake of Covid-19. Some are sewing masks and distributing them to fellow community members, while others are making soap or mobilising food and other forms of support for vulnerable households. Young people are utilising their creativity and are for instance creating talking walls in different informal settlements. The Social Justice Centre Theatre Group is packaging information on Covid-19 and creating awareness in informal settlements to protect communities by enabling them access to much needed information. In other places, Mpesa has been used to mobilise resources to buy food, pay rent for families on the verge of being evicted by landlords or sleeping hungry. Others are educating the young in their communities on the dangers of unprotected/unsafe sex? and distributing sanitary towels to vulnerable women and girls. With disrupted sources of income, even affording Kshs 85 to buy a packet of Always sanitary pads is a challenge, and despite all existing closures such as closure of airspaces, travel and cessation of movement, menstruation among women and girls goes on and has not stopped due to Covid.

For victims of arrests, grassroots artists are organising visits to police stations to follow up on these cases  and organising bail out .Additionally , visits are being conducted to  communities to provide the much needed basic services such as food.For the disappeared,  social media alerts are being organised to search for them.In other cases training sessions are being organised on various social justice issues and how communities can organise better in a restrictive environment.Additionally, some grassroots initiatives such as Mathare Social Justice Centre are documenting human rights violations in the wake of Covid 19 in order  to follow up for justice.

Community organising is a process, and change does not come overnight. While Covid 19 has reawakened the spirit of creativity and humanity within informal settlements and pockets of poverty, these creative and humane efforts must give cognisance to the fact that community organising is a pathway through which people come together to collectively address issues affecting them. When communities come together, new ideas emerge, new solutions are created and new skills acquired. It is a process of having one’s eyes opened to existing capabilities and alternatives. For community organising to be effective, it must originate from the level of the concerned communities. This is because it is the community that understands the problem they are going through. You cannot talk about lack of jobs when you have never been without a job, or understand what it means to have no food if you have always had something to eat. In addition, individuals who’ve had to sleep in the cold at some point because of non-payment of rent for instance, are better placed to understand the pain and agony that comes with forceful eviction. The issues we organise around must thus be reflective of the lived realities and conditions of the people.

Community mobilising is an integral part of community organising. Mobilising communities to take action means that they are ready to respond to the issue at hand. It is of fundamental importance for communities to continue organising post-Covid because it seems Covid will be with humanity for a long time to come. There is also need to celebrate the various strategies being adopted at the grassroots to ensure survival in an uncertain environment and the many unsung heroes and heroines who are contributing to making life bearable in informal settlements. At

Photo credit @ Arts for Social Justice Team-Kenya , @Javan the Poet @Mutua Arts 


Mpesa is mobile money transfer

Fua is a Kiswahili word for laundry or washing clothes






This story was submitted in response to Dispatches from the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Comments 9

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Nini Mappo
Aug 29
Aug 29

Hello Leonida,
Thank you for sharing the in-depth analysis of Covid response in Kenya through community mobilisation. Indeed, those more worse off because of this pandemic are the poor, even in the US. It is such a saddening picture of trying to exist, and there's no telling how long it will remain so.

Leonida Odongo
Aug 29
Aug 29

Thank you for the comments .It is sad but we have to remain resilient.

Aug 29
Aug 29

Hi Leonida,
What a detailed piece and I like that it was backed with references. Thank you for bringing these issues and sub-issues to the fore. I agree with you that it "is the community that understands the problem they are going through." It is disheartening that very, very many people are suffering so much, especially in Kenya . We can bring succor to each other. Like you rightly implied, although the ripple effect of the pandemic would remain with us for a long time, we are definitely stronger together.

Love and hugs,
E. J.

Leonida Odongo
Aug 31
Aug 31

Dear Andrace
Thank you for reading and the comments .Yes I agree with you , it is only together that we get stronger.

Hello, Professor Leonida,

I always look forward to reading your posts because they are so informative. It's like I'm part of your class, and that's why, by now you are like a professor to me in the World Pulse University. I hope you take that as a compliment. I love how you are so well-versed to write about different topics concerning Kenya and Africa as a whole. I grow smarter after I read your posts.

There's no way that COVID is an equalizer. Like you said, it aggravated the state of those who are poor. It has been the same in our country. It's so heartbreaking and downright depressing to really see the magnitude of the effect of lockdowns and quarantine. School-aged children becoming pregnant, domestic violence on the rise, people losing jobs, and only those who own computers and internet can have access to education.

Thank you for sharing this with us! I love that you share about community organizing and community mobilizing. That is my line of work before I became a work-at-home mother. It's truly important that those who are in the grassroots become part of the planning process in their development.

Waiting for more insights on your next "class", Professor!

Leonida Odongo
Aug 31
Aug 31

Dear Karen,

Aww.Thank you for the comments .I sure one day will be a real Prof.Glad that you learn from what I write and look forward to what I post.

More energy.

You're welcome, dear sister Professor! Please keep them coming!

Sep 19
Sep 19

Thank you for sharing.

Sabiha Hasan
Sep 25
Sep 25

Thanjs for sharing. It's very knowledgeable, it is sad that people suffer so much during covid. But good that they came together as team to work betterment of entire community.