LES ACTIVITES GENERATRICES DES REVEVENUES ET L'ENTREPREUNARIAT DES FEMMES CONGOLAISES

Ezechie Lwesso
Posted November 5, 2014 from Democratic Republic of the Congo

Alors que la RDC est réputée pour être un pays regorgeant de réserves d'or, de diamants, de cuivre, de cobalt, de fer, de manganèse, de pétrole, de colombite-tantalite, de ressources hydriques et hydroélectriques, il est malheureux de constater que la population de ce pays croupit dans une misère noire. Les Congolais masculins qui travaillent sont mal payés et d’'autres par contre sont au chômage et condamnés à une pauvreté exécrable qui est caractérisée par l'absence de biens primaires et essentiels courants. Quel Congolais touché dans sa chair et dans son amour propre pourrait rester indifférent face à cet état des lieux sombre? Face à cette situation, le rôle joué par la femme devient indéniable, étant donné sa fonction traditionnelle de ménage et son apport dans le développement de la société. Depuis un temps, nous vivons l'apport de la femme congolaise dans son ensemble et celle de la ville de Bukavu en particulier, dans les différents travaux champêtres, dans la formation, l'éducation des enfants et aujourd'hui de plus en plus dans la gestion de la société, à la magistrature et dans plusieurs autres domaines de la vie. Jadis reléguée à l'arrière plan par les traditions et les coutumes en faisant valoir la supériorité ou les ambitions démesurées de l'homme, la femme congolaise était réduite de ses forces et ses capacités créatives. Cette discrimination dont était victime la femme avait enlevé à celle-ci l'esprit d'initiative et a crée plutôt un esprit d'attentisme où tout devait venir de l'homme, paralysant toutes les facultés créatives de la femme, facultés pourtant nécessaires pour son développement en particulier et celui de sa société en général. Dans la société occidentale, l'émancipation de la femme remonte à l'ère de la révolution industrielle. Selon KLEIN .V la situation des femmes sur le marché du travail s'est profondément modifiée par le fait que l'expansion économique a abouti à des pénuries de main d'œuvre, notamment pour les emplois qualifiés, sans considération du sexe.

Cependant, dans les sociétés africaines et orientales , l'évolution de la situation de la femme est lente et assez récente à cause de l'attachement par ces sociétés, aux traditions et aux coutumes .Vu le danger vers lequel se dirigeait la société en ce qui concerne la libération de la femme des contraintes traditionnelles , des efforts ont été entrepris dans la perspective de la participation active, régulière et permanente de cette dernière à la croissance et par conséquent à la richesse de sa société.

Nous pouvons retenir à ce sujet les différentes conférences mondiales sur la femme tenues respectivement à Mexico en 1975, au Danemark en 1980, à Nairobi en 1985 et en Chine du 4 au 15 septembre 1995 avec comme thème « L'égalité , la paix et le développement » , pour ne citer que ceux là…

Les programmes nationaux et d'autres manifestations féminines ont été organisés pour soutenir la participation active de la femme dans le développement du pays appuyés aujourd'hui par différents organismes internationaux : l'émergence des organisations non gouvernementales (O.N.G) pour l'encadrement et la formation de la femme dans le but de valoriser et de capitaliser le savoir faire de la femme en matière de l'agriculture , la santé, le droit, le métier , la petite unité de production , la politique etc. par l'organisation des séminaires, des atelier etc.... soutenue également par les pouvoirs publics.

Les résultats sur terrain de tous les efforts sont visibles et louables en République Démocratique du Congo où la femme occupe actuellement de plus en plus des responsabilités au même titre que l’homme, aussi bien dans la société, la collectivité, le clan que dans la gestion des entreprises. Nous enregistrons de plus en plus des femmes journalistes, parlementaires, sénateurs, ministres, médecins, avocats, et magistrats sans oublier les femmes actionnaires. Grâce à son accès à l'instruction, la femme a aujourd'hui cette liberté de s'ouvrir à n'importe quelles activités relevant de ses compétences et ses facultés.

Cependant, à cause de l'absence de l'emploi dans le domaine formel, nombreuses sont les femmes qui créent leurs unités de production en commençant par l’informel pour formaliser plus tard leur commerce en cas d’ascension en vue de lutter contre le chômage. C’est cette dernière qui fera l’objet de notre étude orienté vers les enjeux et perspectives de l’entrepreneuriat de la femme en générale et de la ville de Bukavu en particulier. Nous assistons à la création effrénée de petites unités de production parfois rentables dans lesquelles des nombreuses femmes ont pris le risque d'investir.

English translation by community member rhania

The activities generate revenue and entrepreneurship of Congolese women.

While the DRC is known to be a country full of gold reserves, diamonds, copper, cobalt, iron, manganese, oil, columbite-tantalite, of water and hydropower resources, it is unfortunate to see that the population of this country is languishing in abject poverty. Congolese male who work are poorly paid and the rest is unemployed and sentenced to a miserable poverty which is characterized by the absence of primary goods and essential goods. What Congolese touched in his flesh and his own self esteem could remain indifferent to this state of dark place? Faced with this situation, the role played by the woman becomes undeniable, given its traditional function of household and its contribution in the development of society. For a while, we live with the contribution of the Congolese women in general, in the city of Bukavu in particular, in the different field work, training, education of children and and more and more today in the management of the company, to the judiciary and in several other areas of life. Back then relegated to the background by the traditions and customs claiming superiority or inordinate ambitions of man, Congolese women was reduced strengths and creative abilities. This type of discrimination toward woman took away theirs spirit of initiative and instead creates a spirit of wait-where everything had to come from the man, crippling all the creative faculties of the woman, however faculties often necessary for its development in particular and overall its society. IIn Western society, the emancipation of women dates back to the Industrial Revolution era. According KLEIN .V the situation of women in the labor market has changed profoundly by the fact that the economic expansion has led to labor shortages, especially for skilled jobs, regardless of sex. However, in African and Eastern societies ,the changes in the status of women is slow and fairly recent due to the commitment by these societies to the traditions and the customs. Vu the danger to which the society is headed in regarding the liberation of women from traditional constraints, efforts have been made in view of the active, regular and permanent latter growth and hence its rich society. We can retain in this respect the various world conferences on women held in Mexico in 1975, in Denmark in 1980, in Nairobi in 1985 and in China from 4 to 15 September 1995 with the theme "equality, peace and development" , to name a few … National programs and other women's events have been organized to support the active participation of women in the country's development today supported by different international organizations: the emergence of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for the guidance and training of women in order to promote and capitalize the knowledge of women in agriculture, health, law, craft, small production, politics etc. by organizing seminars, workshop etc .... also supported by the government. The results are visible and commendable in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where women currently growing responsibilities as well as rights, both in society, the community, the clan in business management. We register more women journalists, parliamentarians, senators, ministers, doctors, lawyers, and judges including women shareholders. With access to education, the woman now has the freedom to be open to any activities within its competence and its faculties. However, because of the lack of employment in the formal sector, many women create their production units starting with the informal to formalize later their trade in case of ascension in order to combat unemployment. It is this last which will be the subject of our study oriented toward the issues and perspectives of entrepreneurship of women in general and of the city of Bukavu in particular. We are witnessing the unbridled creation of small production units sometimes profitable in which many women have taken the risk of investing.

Comments 4

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Yvette Warren
Nov 06, 2014
Nov 06, 2014

Hello, Lwesso. It is good that you are adding your voice to the conversation on women's rights throughout the world. Entrepreneurship seems to be the best answer to economic empowerment. Freely shared education is a wonderful way we use World Pulse. Our journals are searchable by topic, names, and key words. I trust you will find much information and affirmation for your efforts here.

Continue being a blessing.

Ezechie Lwesso
Nov 11, 2014
Nov 11, 2014

Merci Yvette pour ton commentaire

rhania bensafia
Nov 27, 2014
Nov 27, 2014

The activities generate revenue and entrepreneurship of Congolese women. By Lwesso translated by Rhania Bensafia

While the DRC is known to be a country full of gold reserves, diamonds, copper, cobalt, iron, manganese, oil, columbite-tantalite, of water and hydropower resources, it is unfortunate to see that the population of this country is languishing in abject poverty. Congolese male who work are poorly paid and the rest is unemployed and sentenced to a miserable poverty which is characterized by the absence of primary goods and essential goods. What Congolese touched in his flesh and his own self esteem could remain indifferent to this state of dark place? Faced with this situation, the role played by the woman becomes undeniable, given its traditional function of household and its contribution in the development of society. For a while, we live with the contribution of the Congolese women in general, in the city of Bukavu in particular, in the different field work, training, education of children and and more and more today in the management of the company, to the judiciary and in several other areas of life. Back then relegated to the background by the traditions and customs claiming superiority or inordinate ambitions of man, Congolese women was reduced strengths and creative abilities. This type of discrimination toward woman took away theirs spirit of initiative and instead creates a spirit of wait-where everything had to come from the man, crippling all the creative faculties of the woman, however faculties often necessary for its development in particular and overall its society. IIn Western society, the emancipation of women dates back to the Industrial Revolution era. According KLEIN .V the situation of women in the labor market has changed profoundly by the fact that the economic expansion has led to labor shortages, especially for skilled jobs, regardless of sex. However, in African and Eastern societies ,the changes in the status of women is slow and fairly recent due to the commitment by these societies to the traditions and the customs. Vu the danger to which the society is headed in regarding the liberation of women from traditional constraints, efforts have been made in view of the active, regular and permanent latter growth and hence its rich society. We can retain in this respect the various world conferences on women held in Mexico in 1975, in Denmark in 1980, in Nairobi in 1985 and in China from 4 to 15 September 1995 with the theme "equality, peace and development" , to name a few … National programs and other women's events have been organized to support the active participation of women in the country's development today supported by different international organizations: the emergence of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for the guidance and training of women in order to promote and capitalize the knowledge of women in agriculture, health, law, craft, small production, politics etc. by organizing seminars, workshop etc .... also supported by the government. The results are visible and commendable in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where women currently growing responsibilities as well as rights, both in society, the community, the clan in business management. We register more women journalists, parliamentarians, senators, ministers, doctors, lawyers, and judges including women shareholders. With access to education, the woman now has the freedom to be open to any activities within its competence and its faculties. However, because of the lack of employment in the formal sector, many women create their production units starting with the informal to formalize later their trade in case of ascension in order to combat unemployment. It is this last which will be the subject of our study oriented toward the issues and perspectives of entrepreneurship of women in general and of the city of Bukavu in particular. We are witnessing the unbridled creation of small production units sometimes profitable in which many women have taken the risk of investing.

Ezechie Lwesso
Jan 12, 2015
Jan 12, 2015

Thank you all for translating job wishing happy new year