LES CHANGEMENTS CLIMATIQUES ET LEURS IMPACTS DANS LA PARTIE ORIENTALE DE LA REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO

MADELEINE BWENGE
Posted June 2, 2015 from Democratic Republic of the Congo

Les signes justifiants les changements climatiques sont visibles dans la partie orientale de la Republique Democratiaue du Congo depuis presque 2 decennies deja.

Ces changements qui s`operent a plusieurs niveaux affectent les populations sous differentes manieres. Toutefois, ils n`affectent pas seulement les humains, mais notamment d`autres secteurs tels que l`agriculture, l`elevage,...la peche, etc...

Toutefois, il est a noter que dans de nombreux pays africains, la femme est une grande actrice du developpement Durable. D`ou son role dans le secteur agricole est tres considerable. A cet effet lorsque ce secteur est menace, elle aussi est sensiblement menace. D`autre part, la femme joue un role primordial dans la societe, C`est elle qui constitue la main d`oeuvre assez importante pour subvenir aux besoins vitaux de sa famille, notament, l`alimentation de ses enfants y compris tous les autres membres de la famille.

COMMENT SES SIGNES SE PRESENTENT ILS .

Plusieurs observations prouvent que les changements climatiqus sont palpables sur toute l`etendue de notre pays en general et plus particulierement dans la partie orientale du pays, Il s`qgit des signes suivants .

1-Hausse de la temperature, caracterise par des fortes canicules diurnes et nocturne, A titre d`exemple, la temperature normale de Bukavu variait entre 14 et 15degre C, aujourd`oui elle varie entre 25, 26 voire meme 27 degre C.

En provinces orientale et au Maniema, elle varie entre 30, 36 voire meme 40 degre C,

2.-Perturbation des saisons qui entraine celle du calendrier cultural . Ici, il est important de rappeler que l`alternance des saisons ne posait aucun probleme, car, la saison de pluie debutait de Septembre au 15 Mai, Quant a la saison seche, elle debutait du 15 Mai jusque fin Aout. Cependant, les changements font que les agriculteurs ne savent plus se situer car. dans certains cas, la saison pluvieuse se prolonge, dans d`autres cas, c`est la saisons seche qui commence avant et se prolonge.

3.-Recrudescence des catastrophes Naturelles. . Dans la majeure partie du pays, on observe plusieurs eboulements de terre, les affaissements des sols. les erosions des sols entrainant plusieurs destructions des habitations et plusieurs pertes en vies humaines,

4.-Rayonnement solaire tres accentue . Pendant la saison seche, les rayons solaires sont tres forts. Ils piquent tres fort jusqu`a bruler les semences mis en terre par les agriculteurs ;mais ils sechent aussi les jeunes plantes qui avaient deja pousse,

5-Dessechement des rivieres, marais et de la nappe aquifere. Ceci est cause par la forte deforestation qui cree entraine des emissions de gaz a effet de serre qui detruisent la nappe souterraine,

NB La liste n`est pas exhaustive

QUELQUES CONSEQUENCES

-Les changements climatiques entrainent d`enormes degats. Pqrmi lesquels nous citons .

-Les perte en vies humaines,

-La diminution des productions agricoles,

-Le risque de contamination par des maladies infectieuses et des epidemies multiformes

-L`insecurite alimentaire

-La disparition de certaines especes tant faunique que floristique

-La perte de la biodiversite

-La destruction des habitats

NB La liste n`est pas exhaustive

QUELLES SONT LES DISPOSITIFS D`ATTENUATION

-Les populations congolaises comprennent peu a peu que les changements climatiques constituent une grande menace.

Grace aux activites de sensibilisation, les communautes locales et riveraines des Aires protegees et notamment ceux qui vivent aux alentours des ecosystemes forestiers essayent de proteger les forets et de mettre en place des forets communautaires,

Des organisations de la societe civiles mettent en place des petits projets pour promouvoir les energies alternatives en vue de combattre la pression sur les forets.

EN DEFINITIVE la femme reste la plus affectee par les impacts lies aux changements climatiques, Elle doit etre soutenue et appuyee pour qu`elle continue a bien jouer son role, d`une part, d`autre part, sa voix doit etre entendue si l`on veut que la societe subsiste aux menaces dues aux changements climatiques.

MADELEINE

Comments 3

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Alyssa Rust
Jun 03, 2015
Jun 03, 2015

Dear Madeleine,

Thank you so much for sharing all the different signs that you have seen in regards to climate change. It was really interesting to hear about climate change affects the eastern part of the DRC and how there are so many things that are affected due to differences in both the dry and rainy seasons. Your comment at the end of your post about how organizations should set up projects to promote alternative energy is such an important point!! I think it is important that organizations promote projects and put pressure on everyone to help protected the environment. Thanks again for sharing. Sincerley, Alyssa

MADELEINE BWENGE
Jun 17, 2015
Jun 17, 2015

Merci beaucoup Alyssa. La question liée aux changements climatiques nécessite l'union des efforts de tous et ce à chaque niveau. La promotion des énergies renouvelables comme piste d'atténuation doit être prise au sérieux par chaque ménage. C'est en vertu de ce principe que nos objectifs seront atteints.

Madeleine

Amy Stoodley
Jun 20, 2015
Jun 20, 2015

Translation

CLIMATE CHANGES AND THEIR IMPACTS IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

The signs demonstrating climate change have been visible in the Democratic Republic of Congo for nearly 2 decades already.

These changes operate on many levels and affect the populations in different ways. They do not however only affect humans, but also other sectors such as agriculture, animal farming, fishing, etc…

Nevertheless it must be noted that in many African countries, women are key players in sustainable development, meaning that women’s role in the farming sector is significant. This means that when the sector is under threat, women are also significantly threatened. Furthermore, women play a fundamental role in society. It is they who carry out a substantial portion if the work in order to meet their family’s essential needs, in particular feeding their children and all the other members of the family.

HOW THESE SIGNS PRESENT THEMSELVES

Several observations prove that climate change is evident throughout our whole country and especially in the eastern part of the country. The signs are the following:

Increase in temperature, characterized by strong heat waves during the day and night. For example, the normal temperature in Bukavu varied between 14 and 15 degrees C, and now it varies between 25, 26, even 27 degrees C. Disruption of the seasons which affects the cultural calendar. Here, it is important to remember that the changing of the seasons wasn’t a problem, because the rainy season started from September until the 15th May, while the dry season went from the 15th May to the end of August. However, the changes mean that farmers no longer know where they stand, because sometime the rainy season lasts longer, and other times the dry season starts earlier and lasts longer. Increase in natural disasters. In most of the country, there have been several landslides and ground subsidence. Soil erosion leads to massive destruction of homes and loss of lives. Very intense solar radiation. During the dry season, the suns rays are very strong. They burn very strongly to the point of burning the seedlings planted by the farmers; but they also dry out the plants that have already grown. Drying up of the rivers, marshes and the water table. This is caused by the massive deforestation that leads to greenhouse gas emissions which destroy the water table.

NB. This list is not exhaustive.

SOME OF THE CONSEQUENCES

-The climate changes cause enormous damage.

Some of these are:

-Loss of human life,

-Decrease in agricultural production,

-The risk of contamination from infectious illnesses and epidemics,

-Food insecurity,

-Disappearance of certain plant and animal species,

-Loss of biodiversity,

-Destruction of habitats,

NB This list is not exhaustive

WHAT MEASURES CAN REDUCE THE EFFECTS?

-The Congolese people are gradually starting to understand that climate change is a big threat. Thanks to awareness-raising activities, local communities and inhabitants of the protected zones, especially those who live close by the forest ecosystems, have been trying to protect the forests and plant community forests. Civil society organisations have been starting up small projects to promote alternative energies with the aim of easing pressure on the forests.

ULTIMATELY, women are the ones most affected by the impacts of climate change. They need to be helped and supported in order to carry on playing their role. One way or another, their voice must be heard if we want society to overcome the threats of climate change.