The families of Baraka, more particularly women and young girls, no longer know how to access drinking water following the poor local governance of the water sector in this new town in South Kivu. In order to have a few liters of water, women and young girls have to wake up at night in search of water. Other families go straight to Lake Tanganyika to stock up on this rare commodity. This water from Lake Tanganyika is not drinkable, its poor quality is the cause of hand and waterborne diseases, the first victims of which are women, young girls and children. Cases of sexual violence of women and young girls forced to wake up at night in search of water, cases of drowning and serious accidents of women and girls who fight to dive into water holes (wells) have been regularly since.
The chief medical officer of the Fizi health zone, explains that the major part of the Fizi coast affected by cholera includes health areas such as Baraka, Kandali, Kalundja, Katanga, Malindé, Mshimbaki, Mwangaza and Sebele. ‘‘ We have serious problems with access to drinking water. For example here in Baraka, a small city with a population of over 200.000 inhabitants, there are only 3 functional boreholes out of the twenty-two built; As a result of this situation, the population is forced to drink unsanitary water from Lake Tanganyika, considered the reservoir of cholera in this region.
Baraka is a new small town in the province of South Kivu, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Located on the western shore of Lake Tanganyika and the tip of the Ubwari peninsula. It takes its name from an Arabic word meaning wisdom or blessing. Originally, Baraka was a small fishing village. In 1882, the village became the first administrative entity in Kivu to adopt an urban model. On February 10, 2010, it was elevated to city status by the national and provincial government of the DRC. As a town, Baraka was confirmed by the presidential decree number 13/29 of June 13, 2018. It has 215,289 inhabitants over an area of 25 km. Baraka is the third largest urban center in South Kivu. Regarding the Baraka town hall, the first mayor Jacques M’mbocwa Hussein and his deputy Tabisha M’mongelwa were appointed by ordinance number 18/164 of December 29, 2018.