Like migrant workers can not be separated from female figures. As released by the National Agency for the Placement and Protection of Indonesian Workers (BNP2TKI) as of October 2017 shows that female migrant workers account for 67 percent of the total migrant workers assigned. Another fact that we know is the reporting of female migrant workers from Indonesia who are involved in legal issues abroad, becoming victims of drug trafficking syndicates, and even trafficking in persons. This further shows that the problem of migrant workers is closely related to the problem of women. In gender construction for example, women are often faced with situations that are not favorable for their identity and role as women.
The situation of poverty that occurs in the country continues to be a threat to the people of Indonesia, vast natural resources, industrial areas, as well as mining, in fact are not able to create broad employment opportunities and opportunities for women. Women become powerless to get access to economic resources amidst the ongoing demands of life's necessities. Then this condition finally forced women to work abroad in the hope of getting a better source of livelihood. Many of them decide to work abroad with abilities / expertise that are considered to be minimal and ultimately can only be placed as the domestic sector or domestic workers, even through an unsafe migration process. Within the framework of manifesting gender injustice, women in this case experience marginalization or marginalization which causes poverty.
The low access of women to public services and participation in politics is one of the causes of impoverishment of women. At the level of formulation, women should be the subject of policy. While at the level of implementation, women should have a participatory role to control the course of public policy. On the other hand discriminatory practices occur systematically in the cultural structure of society. Many cultural and religious approaches in patriarchal societies place women as weak individuals and are only attached to domestic matters. This policy framework and social environment, which still tends to be patriarchal and discriminatory, forms a structure directing women to an imbalanced situation in both education and health when facing unstable economic conditions. The choices that can be taken are only a few, one of which is being a migrant worker with all the compulsion over the situation. In difficult situations, women are faced with narrow choices, one of them being migrant workers through unsafe processes or procedures. This situation is exacerbated by the expanding industry of migrant worker placement (PJTKI) which often ignores elements of protection for prospective migrant workers in the migration process.
The rise of cases of fraud, falsification of identity, the cost of over-placement (over charging) and various violations committed by companies sending migrant workers confront migrant workers (especially women) in a difficult situation when dealing with legal issues in the placement country. The series of phenomena above forms a cycle of impoverishment of women that leads to complicated situations. One of them is the process of migrating unsafe labor. Within the framework of the manifestation of gender inequality, from the series above we can also analyze that there is a marginalization, subordination, steoretipism, violence, and a double burden that is vulnerable to women migrant workers.