English translation provided by community member PilarAlbisu
Over time, the atmosphere, the biosphere and the oceans have undergone natural cycles. Currently, human activity is a defining agent in environmental change. The Earth’s atmosphere is changing decisively due to the concentration of greenhouse gases, mainly: CO2, CO, CH4, NO2, etc. Millions of Africans are in danger due to the problems related to climate change.
We are witnessing the spreading of diseases (epidemics), rising sea levels and flooding. Climate change affects women especially, since they are forced to walk many kilometres in search of water. This creates conflicts among Africans.
In the DRC, climate change is also linked to the destruction of our ecosystem, namely the forests, the soil and the water.
The main causes of this deterioration include:
Slash-and-burn agriculture, deforestation (firewood, fuel wood, softwood lumber), outdated construction, water pollution, mining, and the national policies on waste management.
In the province of South Kivu, climate change is producing the following effects: a decrease in production, the spreading of various diseases, and the decrease in the levels of groundwater, rivers and lakes (such as the lakes Kivu and Tanganyika) which the city already lacks, especially during the dry season.
For the South-Kivu community, these changes are very hard on women, who are the key players in the household. During the dry season, which is marked by a lack of water in urban and rural areas, women are forced to make a long trip to find water. As a result, they become victims of rape (rural areas) and all kinds of distress perpetrated by uncivil folk. This season is also characterized by an array of diseases due to the dust which covers the city. Houses remain dirty and it’s the families who suffer the consequences. During the rainy season, the rain causes collapsation and erosion, and women and children are the main victims. During this season, it is the woman who must harvest the field to feed her family, and her nation.
The national and international communities have intervened in the following ways:
- Supporting and strengthening Regidesopour’s services, so that they may continue to provide plenty of clean drinking water
-Preventing the various diseases brought on by climate change by reinforcing health services
-Creating clean water sources to prevent women from having to undertake such long journeys
-Increasing security in the various territories of the DRC in order to protect women
3. Women play a vital role in the family unit (society), because to educate a woman is to educate an entire nation. [Climate] Change affects women in particular since they are in charge of the housework.
CONCLUSION: Climate change represents a systematic risk for economic growth and long-term stability. We must act now and in every country where we find the difficulties mentioned above.
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