Therese kasindi
Posted May 6, 2013 from Democratic Republic of the Congo

Much violence against women in the home and outside

According to the survey "Quality of life and security" conducted in early 2007, women are equally exposed to violence in their household and outside: 3.3% of women aged 18 to 59 said they had experienced in 2005 or 2006 at least one physical or sexual assault by a person living with them, they are 3.4% having been outside their household (Table 1). However, sexual violence (definition) remain less frequent inside and outside the household.

The first violence that women face is verbal abuse such as name calling (16.9%) and threats (5.5%), followed by physical violence in the household (3%) or the outdoor (2.5%), and finally, sexual assault outside (1.5%) and the household (0.7%). The robbery without violence or hit 4% of women. Outside the household, the proportion of women raped is twice that of women who have made rob with violence.

In the household, physical abuse is much more common than sexual abuse. Among women who are beaten at home, 12% were also sexually abused while 50% of women who were raped by a man who shares their home are also physically assaulted. In addition, two out of five women, victims of sexual violence in their household, were also sexually assaulted outside. Victims of sex abuse by the Play: 3% of women aged 18-59 have experienced physical violence in 2005-2006 from a household member against 1.6% of men. Scope: individuals 18-59 years. Source: INSEE, Living Environment and Security Survey 2007.

Back to top Being a woman exposes young woman be overexposed

Compared to men, women are twice as often physically assaulted within the household, and three times more often victims of sexual touching or forced sex outside and inside the household. However, they are less often victims of physical assault non-sexual outside the household, and nearly two times less often victims of robberies. The insults hurled against women have the distinction of being sexist once against three less than once in twenty men.

Young women are the most vulnerable. Outside the household, in 2005 or 2006, one in five women aged between 18 and 29 years has suffered injuries, one in ten has been unwanted and threats as hugs and kisses. For more serious offenses, 3.5% of these women have experienced physical aggression (against 3% on average) 2.2% rape (against 0.7% on average) and 1% of robberies. Over the past two years, within the home, 3.8% of younger women have been victims of physical violence, against 3% in average. Rape at home seem to obey a different logic as the wave of violence is between 30 and 39 years and young women are slightly less than older victims (Figures 1 and 2).

Field: Women 18-59.

Source: INSEE, Living Environment and Security Survey 2007.

Figure 2 - Sexual violence by age in 2005 or 2006 Figure 2 - Sexual violence by age in 2005 or 2006

Field: Women 18-59.

Source: INSEE, Living Environment and Security Survey 2007.

Back to top The abuser is often a relative of the victim

Once two, it is the spouse who is the author of violence against women within the household. This is the case even three times out of four when it comes to sexual violence.

For sexual assault outside the household, 70% of victims say they know the author. Half know him personally: he is their former spouse more than once in five or a "friend" for 16% of victims. In addition, one out of two, the rape occurred in the district of residence of the victim, once in three for improper conduct (Table 2).

Also, it is not surprising that these women live with a spouse less often than other women. In particular, women who were raped during the last two years by a person who does not live with them now are two times more likely to raise their children alone, the facts have encouraged them to separate from the abuser.

Rape committed outside the home by a stranger is thus not the rule affects only a small third of the victims. Always outside, chance also takes up less space than in cases of physical abuse: once two knows her personally attacked the aggressor is generally be ex-spouse or a family member .

Three out of four rape outside the home is made of a single assailant. Once four, the author was under the influence of alcohol or drugs (the frequency is the same within the household). Even when the author does not or no longer part of the household, rape is often a private phenomenon since committed three once the home of the victim, and to a lesser extent in other accommodation (14%). Only 12% take place in the street, 4.7% at work.

Hugs, kisses and other displaced unwanted gestures, which are the most common sexual assault, have not played for half of the women, but 40% have however suffered "a few times." For four victims, the incident occurred at his place of work, 15% in its housing or housing for someone else. Remains an act on five of this type is carried out in a public place: 13.4% in the street, 6.3% in transport. Of robbery or physical or verbal abuse committed outside the household on women Reading: In the last physical assault against a woman in 2005-2006, the author was an ex-spouse in 27.9% of cases , a member of the family in 13.1%, unknown in 40.1%. 1. He is the author of the latest attack in a given type of aggression during the period. 2. The results of this column are for women including French (source). Field: Women 18-59 victims in 2005-2006. Source: INSEE, Living Environment and Security Survey 2007.

Back to top A low level of education among perpetrators and victims in

The survey provides some information about the authors in the household: they usually at least 45 years, are less qualified, rather unemployed or retired workers, but sometimes managers.

Sexual assault and domestic violence against women occur in all walks of life, but are most common in areas with a low educational level. Among women without a degree, there are nearly five times more sexual assault outside the household than among graduates, and three times for domestic violence (Table 3).

The nationality of the women has a strong impact. Thus, foreign women from outside the European Union are significantly more likely than other women victims of violence specifically, first sexual assault outside the household, but also domestic violence and robbery with or without violence. However they are not more victims of sexual violence in their household. And they are a little less often physically assaulted outside. The French, who are not immune to these types of violence are frequently the target of insults and threats, unless there are more sensitive (Table 4). Proportion of women who in 2005 or 2006 depending on the level of education field: women 18 to 59 years. Source: INSEE, Living Environment and Security Survey 2007. Proportion of women victims by nationality Field: women 18 to 59 years. Source: INSEE, Living Environment and Security Survey 2007.

Nationality Rape outside the household kissing, fondling or other inappropriate physical violence within the household Rape in the household Flight Flight gestures with violence without physical violence Aggression Threats Insults

Back to top Victims trust the police

Paradoxically, these beaten or raped women have a rather positive image of the police action in their neighborhood. 59% of women who have suffered sexual abuse and think outside the police presence in their neighborhood is sufficient. And almost half of women beaten or raped consider the effective action of the police in the district against 39% of other women (Table 5). Often intimate nature of this violence may explain the resignation of the victims, who may think that nothing external succeed in changing their personal situation.

Women who, in the past two years, have not been sexually assaulted outside the home are more likely to think that the police action is not effective (37% against 32%). It is possible that, considering the insufficient protection of police, they redoubled caution in their lifestyle (rhythms and times out, avoiding public places ...). Women's views on the presence and effectiveness of the police in the field area: women aged 18 to 59 years. Source: INSEE, Living Environment and Security Survey 2007.

Back to top Serious violence that can not be told

Intra domestic violence are poorly reported: one-fifth of victims of physical and a third of victims of sexual violence violence has not complained or registered handrail or talked to anyone (friend, doctor or association ). And when the victim says, this is rarely the police, it receives only 12% of victims (complaint and handrail) for physical violence, 8% for sexual violence is, overall, just a out of ten. For sexual assault outside the household, always hard to take, the victims in opening a little easier, though still low in absolute terms: 17.5% turn to the Police (Complaints and handrails ) and 12% did not tell anyone (Table 6).

When women entrust aggression they have suffered, it is more often a relative or friend (47% for an assault outside the home, 42% in the household) or professional (19% in both cases ) to the police. Everything happens as if they were looking more likely to be understood and treated as avenged, or as if they had no confidence in the chances of the perpetrator punished.

Finally, men are sometimes victims of domestic violence, physical or sexual. Less than women, the violence they silent even more certainly. The use of women victims of violence in 2005-2006 outside or within the household Reading: among women 18-59 who have experienced sexual assault in 2005-2006 outside the household, 12.1% complained, 5.4% filed a handrail, 19% have not made any official statement but spoke to an association or a professional, 12.2% had not told anyone before the survey. Population: Women aged 18 to 59 years. .

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